After A Disaster

At the end of the post-disaster response, it may seem like funding options are ending; the FEMA process is now largely complete and funds from that process have been distributed, and initial donations from charitable organizations have also decreased or stopped. Although communities may feel like they have been abandoned at this stage, the recovery process and funding options for it are largely just beginning. Numerous long-term recovery funding options should be explored, primarily from HUD’s Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery (CDBG-DR) program but also from hazard mitigation funding and other sources.

Active Recovery
  • 1
    Program Administration

    Program administration is responsible for overseeing and ensuring that all efforts are compliant with the program.

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  • 2
    Case Management

    Case managers work with homeowners from the start of the CDBG-DR funding process until closeout.

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  • 3
    Damage Assessment

    The damage assessment portion of the process identifies the full extent of the damage and provides a detailed scope of work to be done.

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  • 4
    Contractor Procurement

    CDBG-DR funds recipients must follow federal procurement rules, as well as state and local government laws and regulations.

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  • 5
    Construction Management

    Construction management includes oversight of contractors, project controls, cost estimating, quality control, program guidelines and more.

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  • 6
    Customer Service

    Grant applicants need to be informed on a regular basis about the process and where they are in it.

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  • 7
    Appeals

    The appeals process provides a path for homeowners to complain and challenge a ruling on their application.

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Grant Closeout
  • 1
    Compliance

    CDBG-DR grantees are responsible for ensuring that programs and program comply with state, local and federal government monitoring policies.

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  • 2
    Recordkeeping

    An organized recordkeeping system begins before a disaster.

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  • 3
    Final Inspection

    The final inspection ensures that all work specified in the contract under the grant is complete and compliant.

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  • 4
    HUD Audit Preparation

    HUD conducts audits of CDBG-DR grants to ensure that funds are used properly and that all funded activities are in compliance.

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  • 5
    Accounting Closeout

    During the accounting closeout stage, grantees must ensure that all documentation is in order.

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  • 6
    Closeout Report

    The closeout report demonstrates to HUD that all activities under the disaster relief grant are complete.

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Resilience Planning
  • 1
    Lessons Learned

    This stage is primarily a forward-looking activity intended to strengthen the community and make it more resilient to future disasters.

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  • 2
    Disaster Planning Revisions

    Following a disaster, localities review and revise their disaster plans.

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  • 3
    Codes, Ordinance Review & Revisions

    Local governments should review and revise existing codes and ordinances to help reduce vulnerability from future natural disasters. 

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  • 4
    Policy & Organizational Reviews

    Reviewing department policies and staffing are an ongoing process that localities should conduct on a regular basis.

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