During A Disaster

In the hours and days following a disaster, communities first prioritize life saving operations in the response phase, then meeting basic needs during the post disaster response. The focus then changes over the next few weeks to helping the community re-establish normal operations during recovery administration.

Response Phase

In the response phase, localities focus on life-saving operations. Coordinated communications with staff, vendors, volunteers and the general public are crucial to this phase.

  • 1
    Rescue Effort

    A locality's incident command system directs the rescue effort when a natural disaster strikes.

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  • 2
    Emergency Medical

    Emergency medical service (EMS) professionals access and provide assistance to citizens in need of help.

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  • 3
    Initial Damage Assessment

    In the initial damage assessment, localities conduct a preliminary onsite evaluation of the damage and losses caused by a disaster.

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  • 4
    Temporary Infrastructure

    Immediately following a disaster, localities must focus on restoring and replacing critical infrastructure.

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  • 5
    General Public Communications

    During disaster response, communications with the public are both vital and complicated.

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  • 6
    Shelters

    Local governments are often the first resource for those displaced by a natural disaster.

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  • 7
    Stakeholder Communications

    During a disaster, localities need to know who their stakeholders are and how they can help.

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Post Disaster Response

During the post-disaster response phase, communities focus on the community’s immediate needs, such as debris removal and temporary shelters, and applying for FEMA and other funding options.

  • 1
    Debris Removal

    Removal of debris is a critical and often intensive task following a natural disaster.

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  • 2
    Infrastructure Restoration

    FEMA provides funding that can help state and local governments repair, replace or restore infrastructure following a disaster.

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  • 3
    Temporary Housing

    FEMA provides funding for temporary housing assistance following a natural disaster for individuals whose homes have been made unsafe.

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  • 4
    FEMA Mapping

    To help states and local communities identify and mitigate flooding hazards, FEMA provides flood hazard mapping.

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  • 5
    FEMA Funding Disbursement

    FEMA allows states and communities to request reimbursement for management and administration of disaster assistance.

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Recovery Administration

As a community transitions from post-disaster response into recovery administration, the focus shifts to helping the community return to normalcy. City and county administrators and emergency management officials should engage with stakeholders in reviewing and enacting the recovery plan to help the community restore everyday activities and resume normal operations.

  • 1
    Unmet Needs Assessment

    Assessing the community's post-disaster needs is important for determining and prioritizing the long-term recovery work needed.

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  • 2
    Action Plans

    A CDBG-DR Action Plan serves as the master guidance document for the CDBG-DR program.

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  • 3
    Policy & Procedure Management

    The recovery administration team may need to adjust existing policies and procedures in order to comply with federal government policies.

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  • 4
    Standard Operating Procedures

    Standard operating procedures help ensure all components of the CDBG-DR program are compliant with local, state and federal regulations.

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  • 6
    Outreach

    The recovery administration team must ensure that information is accurately and consistently communicated.

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  • 7
    Eligibility

    In this part of the process, homeowners in a declared disaster area submit an application for FEMA assistance.

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  • 8
    Applicant Communications

    Communicating with individuals and small businesses is crucial in helping these community members maximize their funding opportunities.

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  • 9
    Oversight

    During recovery administration, oversight involves analyzing both current activities and anticipating future ones.

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  • 10
    Long-Term Recovery Planning

    Building a long- term disaster recovery plan can help localities begin managing the long-term recovery process.

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