Glossary

Find important natural disaster planning, response, and recovery definitions here

Base Flood Elevation (BFE) - base flood elevation, according to FEMA, is the computer estimation of where flood levels should be during a “base” flood. A “base” flood is defined as the 1% annual chance flood that may occur

Basic Plan - An overview of the school’s preparedness and response strategies.  It describes expected hazards, outlines agency roles and responsibilities, and explains how the jurisdiction keeps the plan current.

Branch - According to FEMA, “The organizational level having functional or geographical responsibility for major aspects of incident operations. A Branch is organizationally situated between the Section Chief and the Division or Group in the Operations Section, and between the Section and Units in the Logistics Section. Branches are identified by the use of Roman numerals or by functional area.”

Build it Back Program - The New York City Build it Back Program was implemented after Hurricane Sandy damaged or destroyed thousands of homes in the New York City region. The program, which is funded through CDBG-DR dollars, provides homeowners, landlords, and tenants in the City with funds to repair or rebuild their homes to their pre-storm condition.

Building-Block Approach - A cycle of training and exercises that escalates in complexity, with each exercise designed to build upon the last, in terms of scale and subject matter.  Training ranges from a basic seminar -- a discussion of disaster preparedness strategies and goals -- to a full-scale exercise that simulates real emergency procedures.

Business Recovery - A component of the Continuity of Operations (COOP) annex that describes the systems in place to continue business and administrative operations after an incident.

Camp - According to FEMA, “A geographical site within the general incident area (separate from the Incident Base) that is equipped and staffed to provide sleeping, food, water and sanitary services to incident personnel.”

Capabilities-Based Planning - According to FEMA, “Determining capabilities suitable for a wide range of threats and hazards while working within a framework that necessitates prioritization and choice.  Capabilities-based planning addresses uncertainty by analyzing a wide range of scenarios to identify required capabilities.”

CDBG-DR - The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery (CDBG-DR) program. The program provides flexible grants to help cities, counties and states, especially in low-income areas, recover from presidentially-declared disasters. CDBG-DR funding is a main source of long-term recovery assistance to help localities fully rebuild. Communities apply for CDBG-DR after FEMA funding to help with initial recovery efforts has been distributed.

CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

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